What is an IPO and how do I buy shares in an IPO in India?

First Public Offering is what IPO stands for. It is the first time that a privately owned company sells its shares to the public, which makes it a publicly traded company. When a private company with only a few shareholders goes public and trades its shares, the few shareholders share ownership of the company. The company gets its name on the stock exchange through the IPO.

How Does a Company Offer an IPO?

A company hires an investment bank to handle its IPO before it goes public. In the underwriting agreement, the investment bank and the company talk about the costs of the IPO.

Later, they file the registration statement with the SEC along with the agreement to sell the stock. SEC looks over the information that has been shared, and if it is correct, it gives a date to announce the IPO.

Why does a business do an IPO?

  1. Having an IPO is a way to make money. Every business needs money, whether to grow, improve their business, improve their infrastructure, pay back loans, etc.
  2. Trading stocks on the open market means that there is more money in the market. It makes it possible for employee stock ownership plans like stock options and other compensation plans to be put in place, which attracts the best employees.
  3. When a company goes public, it means the brand has done well enough to get its name on the stock exchanges. It’s a matter of trust and pride for any business.
  4. A public company can always make more stocks when the market is busy. This will make it easier for companies to buy each other or merge since the stocks can be given out as part of the deal.

Different kinds of initial public offerings (IPO)

If you are a new investor, you might find it hard to understand all the jargon that goes along with an IPO. To clear things up, there are two main types of IPOs that companies offer.

Offer with a set price

A fixed-price offer is easy to understand. The company says ahead of time what the price of the first public offering will be. So, if you take part in an IPO with a fixed price, you agree to pay the full amount.

Book Building Offering

In a book-building offering, the price of the stock is given within a 20 percent range, and investors bid on it. The lowest price in the price band is called the “floor price,” and the highest price is called the “cap price.” Investors bid on how many shares they want and how much they want to pay for them. It gives the company a chance to see if investors are interested in the IPO before the final price is set.

Also, Read:- What kind of trading brings in the most money?

Should You Put Your Money in an IPO?

It is hard to decide whether or not to invest in an IPO of a relatively new company. When it comes to the stock market, it’s good to be skeptical.

Background checks

Since the company just went public, it is clear that it doesn’t have enough data from the past to back up your decision. The information in the prospectus about the IPO is a false lead, so you should look at it carefully. Learn about the fund management team and how they plan to use the money from the IPO.

Who is paying for it?

In the process of underwriting, new securities are sold to get money from investors. Be wary of small investment banks that want to lend you money. They might be willing to back any business. Most of the time, big brokerages can back a new issue well back an IPO that has a chance of doing well.

Lock-up Periods

After an IPO goes public, the stock price often goes down sharply. The lock-up period is the reason why the share price is going down. A lock-up period is a clause in a contract that says executives and investors can’t sell their shares for a certain amount of time. After the lock-up period is over, the price of the shares goes down.


Flippers are people who buy shares of a company that is going public and then sell them on the secondary market to make quick cash. Flipping is the first step in trading.

What you need to know before you invest

  1. If you bought a company’s initial public offering (IPO), you are affected by how well the company does. You have a direct effect on how well it does or how bad it does.
  2. This asset in your portfolio has the best chance of giving you a good return. On the other hand, it can sink your investment without giving you any warning. Keep in mind that stocks are affected by how volatile the markets are.
  3. You should know that a company that sells shares to the public is not obligated to give the investors their money back.
  4. Before putting money into an IPO, you should think about the risks and rewards. If you don’t know much about investing, read a story written by an expert or a wealth management firm. If you’re still not sure, talk to your financial advisor.

How to fill out an IPO form

Due to the online application process, it is now easier to apply for an IPO than it was in the past. But if you have never invested before, you should learn a few things before you apply.

The first thing that is important is money. Whether it’s a fixed-price IPO or a book-building IPO, you’ll have to pay upfront, so you’ll need the money to do so. Investors can do this by using their savings or by getting a loan from a bank or NBFC.

But you can’t buy stocks if you don’t have a DEMAT account. So, the next step is to set up a DEMAT account. To get a DEMAT, choose a broker with a good name and a track record.

You can use the DEMAT account not only for IPOs, but also to get gold bonds, corporate bonds, shares, and other types of investments.

Applying online is a simple way to do it. You can do it through the investor portal on the broker’s website or by downloading the ASBA form from your bank’s online banking platform.

Application Supported by Blocked Account is what ASBA stands for (ASBA). It lets banks stop you from bidding for the IPO if you have money in your account.

Using UPI-enabled payment gateways is the only way to pay if you apply through a broker. In either case, you can’t pay for a bid with a check or a demand draught.


An investor can choose whether or not to invest in a company’s first public offering, but doing so is one way to make your money earn more. It can be hard to choose the right IPO offer, but if you do it right, IPOs could be the most important asset in your portfolio.

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